Origami Heaven

A paperfolding paradise

The website of writer and paperfolding designer David Mitchell

x

 
The Cut and Fold Windmill
 
This page attempts to record what is known about the origin and history of the Cut and Fold Windmill. Please contact me if you know any of this information is incorrect or if you have any other information that should be added. Thank you.

Information about other kinds of paper windmills can be found here.

*********

1864

As far as I am aware this design first appears in 'Spielbuch fur Knaben' by Hermann Wagner, which was published by Verlag von Otto Spamer in Leipzig in 1864, although the foreword is dated May 1863, which argues that the book was complete at that date.

**********

1876

The design also occurs in 'Des Kindes Erste Beschaftigungsbuch' by E Barth and W Niederley, which was first published in Bielefeld and Leipzig, and the foreword of which is dated October 1876.

**********

1882

The design also appears in Part Two of 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was probably first published by E. Steiger and Company in New York in 1882.

**********

1883

'Giuochi Fanciulleschi Siciliani' by Giuseppe Pitri, which was published by Luigi Pedone Lauriel in Palermo in 1883, contains a drawing of the Cut and Fold Windmill.

**********

1886/7

'Exercises de Travaux Manuels d'apres le journal 'L'Instruction Primaire', a book of folded examples of classwork produced by L'ecole Louis Vauquelin de Rouen in 1886-1887, includes actual examples of Cut and Fold Windmills folded by pupils at the school.

**********

This design also appears:

1891

In 'Pleasant Work for Busy Fingers' by Maggie Browne, which was published by Cassell and Company in London in 1891. This book is an English version of 'Des Kindes Erste Beschaftigungsbuch' enhanced by the addition of a few extra designs.

**********

1894

In 'Jeux et Occupations Pour les Petits: Guide des Mères et des Institutrices' by Henriette Suzanne Brés was published by Librairie Classique Fernand Nathan in Paris in 1894.

**********

1896

There is a drawing of the Cut and Fold Windmill in Eleonore Heerwart's 'Course in Paperfolding' was first published in Dutch in 1895 then in English by Charles and Dible in London and Glasgow in 1896.

**********

'Froebel's Occupations', written by Kate Douglas Wiggin and Nora Archibald Smith and published by Houghton, Mifflin and Company, of Boston and New York in 1896 includes the observation 'In the firelit winter evenings, before the days of the useful (and ugly) match, our grandmothers folded dainty lamplighters ... and when the pretty work was over, marvellous paper boats and boxes and windmills were fashioned for the expectant audience. Many times in the quiet home-life of the German peasant Froebel ... saw parents and children united in this simple art ...' Unfortunately we cannot know which design of paper windmill is being referred to here.

**********

This design also appears:

1899

In 'Le Livre des Amusettes' by Toto, which was published in Paris by Charles Mendel in 1899.

**********

1900

In 'Die Frobelschen Beschaftigungen: Das Falten' by Marie Muller-Wunderlich, which was published by Friedrich Brandstetter in Leipzig in 1900.

**********

In an article the French children's magazine 'Mon Journal', probably in 1900, although I have not been able to identify the exact date of the article.

**********

1902

In the March 1902 issue of the American children's magazine St Nicholas in an article titled 'Spin, Whiz, Whirl!' about the making of spinning tops which included instructions for making a circle of Pinwheels. No instructions for making the Pinwheels themselves was given.

**********

1904

In a double version appears in 'Guia Practica del Trabajo Manual Educativo' by Ezequiel Solana, which was published by Editorial Magisterio Español in Madrid in 1904.

**********

1905

An illustration of the Cut and Fold Windmill appears in the Buenos Aires edition of the magazine 'Caras y Caretas', Issue 238, of 25th March 1905, where it is just called 'veleta'.

**********

1907

A design called 'Anemometro' (Anemometer) is described, but not illustrated, in an article titled 'El trabajo manual escolar' by Vicente Casto Legua in the January 1907 issue of the Spanish magazine 'La Escuela Moderna' which was published in Madrid by Los Sucesores de Hernando. From the description it is clear that this is the Cut and Fold Windmill.

**********

1923

In 'Paper Magic' by Will Blyth, published by C Arthur Pearson in London in 1923.

**********

1932

In 'Winter Nights Entertainments' by R M Abraham, which was first published by Constable and Constable in London in 1932.

**********

In Booklet 5 of 'Images a Plier', a series of 6 booklets published by Librairie Larousse in Paris in 1932.

**********

In Booklet 2 of 'Figuras de Papel', a series of 3 booklets published by B Bauza in Barcelona in 1932.

**********

1937

In 'Paper Toy Making' by Margaret Campbell, which was first published by Sir Isaac Pitman and Sons Ltd in London, probably in 1937, although both the Foreword and Preface are dated 1936, which argues that the book was complete at that date, where it is called 'Revolving Windmill'.

**********

1939

In 'El Mundo de Papel' by Dr Nemesio Montero, which was published by G Miranda in Edicions Infancia in Valladolid in 1939.

**********

1940

In 'At Home Tonight' by Herbert McKay, which was published by Oxford University Press in London, New York and Toronto in 1940.

**********

1949

'Au Pays des Mains Agiles', which was published by Editions Fleurus in Paris in 1949.

**********