Origami Heaven

A paperfolding paradise

The website of writer and paperfolding designer David Mitchell

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The Double Boat and the Double Hulled Boat
 
This page attempts to record what is known about the origin and history of the origami design known as the Double Boat, which is folded from a windmill base and of the same design folded from a blintzed windmill base, which, in order to distinguish the two, will be referred to on this page / site as the Double Hulled Boat. Please contact me if you know any of this information is incorrect or if you have any other information that should be added. Thank you.

The Double Boat can be developed into the Double Fishbox / Portfolio, the Open Box and ultimately the Gondola.

The Double Hulled Boat can be developed into designs such as the Double Boat with Sail, the Double Boat with Two Sails, the Junk Box and ultimately the Chinese Junk.

It is not, of course, always possible to know which of the two versions is being pictured if there is no context to allow a distinction to be made, and it is possible that I have made errors when trying to decide which is which.

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In Japan

1878

The Double Boat is one of the designs that was brought to Japan from Western Europe by the Froebelian kindergarten movement.

It first appears in Japan a publication issued in 1878 by the kindergarten of the Tokyo Women's Normal School.

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1931

The Double Boat also appears in 'Origami (Part 1)' by Isao Honda, which was first published in Japan in 1931.

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In Western Europe / USA

1832

The earliest appearance of the Double Boat that I know of is in issue 110 of the French satirical magazine 'La Caricature', which was published on 13th December 1832. The cartoon also includes a Boat with Sail and a parade of Cocottes, apparently advancing to attack a village. My thanks to Jaume Coll Guerrero for this information.

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1859

Both the Double Boat and the Double Hulled Boat appears in lists of designs in the 'Manuel Pratique de Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, which was compiled by J F Jacobs and published in Brussells and Paris in 1859. In this case, although there are no illustrations in the book, the context makes it clear which design is which.

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1863

Both 'De schuitjes' (boats), ie the Double Boat, and 'Twee schuitjes' (two boats), ie.the Double Hulled Boat appear, in 'De Kleine Papierwerkers 1: Wat men van een stukje papier al maken kan: Het vouwen' (The Small Paperwork 1: What one can make from a piece of paper: Folding) by Elise Van Calcar, which was published by K H Schadd in Amsterdam in 1863.

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1869

A design called 'Einen Doppelkahn', which is not illustrated, but which from the context is most probably the Double Boat, appears in a list of designs in 'Der Kindergarten' by Hermann Goldammer, which was published by Habel in Berlin in 1869.

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'Paradise of Childhood' by Edward Wiebe, which was published by Milton, Bradley and Company in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1869, and is effectively a translation of Goldammer's 'Der Kindergarten', similarly includes 'a duble canoe' in its list of Forms of Life.

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1873

There is reference to 'La double pirogue' (the double canoe) in a list of designs in 'Exercices et Travaux pour les Enfants Selon la Méthode et les Procédés de Pestalozzi et de Froebel' by Fanny and Charles Delon, which was published by Librairie Hachette in Paris in 1873. Unfortunately there is no illustration to confirm the identification of the design.

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A double boat also appears, as 'Doppelboot', in 'Die Praxis Des Kindergartens' by Auguste Koehler, which was published by Herman Bohlau in Weimar in 1873.

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1874

The Double Boat appears in the revised version of 'Der Kindergarten' by Hermann Goldammer which was published by Carl Babel in Berlin in 1874.

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1876

The Double Boat appears in 'Des Kindes Erste Beschaftigungsbuch' by E Barth and W Niederley, which was first published in Bielefeld and Leipzig, and the foreword of which is dated October 1876.

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1877

The design is mentioned, but not illustrated in 'Kindergarten Practice' by Mary Gurney, which is a substantially abridged version, in two parts, of 'Die Praxis Des Kindergartens' by Auguste Koehler. The second part, 'Froebel's Plane Surfaces', contains sections dealing with paper folding, cutting and weaving. The date of the first edition is not known. The second edition was published in 1877 in London by A N Myers and Co.

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The design also appears as 'Doppelkahn' in part 2 'Die Praxis' of 'Theoretisches und praktisches Handbuch der Fröbelschen Erziehungslehre' by Bertha von Marentholtz-Bülow, which was published by George H Wigand in Kassel in 1887.

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1880

The Double Boat appears in 'The Kindergarten Principle' by Mary J Lyschinska, which was published in London in 1880 by Wm Isbister Ltd.

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1882

The Double Boat appears in Part two of 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was probably first published in 1882 by E. Steiger and Company in New York.

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1891

The Double Boat appears in 'Pleasant Work for Busy Fingers' by Maggie Browne, published by Cassell and Company in London in 1891, which is an English version of 'Des Kindes Erste Beschaftigungsbuch' enhanced by the addition of a few extra designs.

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1892

In 'Le Travail Manuel a L'ecole Primaire' by Jully & Rocheron, which was published by Librairie Classique Eugene Belin in Paris in 1892.

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1893

The Double Boat appears in as the 'Double Pirogue' in 'L'Annee Preparatoire de Travail Manuel' by M P Martin, which was published by Armand Collin & Cie in Paris in 1893.

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1894

In 'Jeux et Occupations Pour les Petits: Guide des Mères et des Institutrices' by Henriette Suzanne Brés was published by Librairie Classique Fernand Nathan in Paris in 1894.

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1895

As 'Einen Doppelkahn' in 'Der Kindergarten' by A S Fischer, which was published by Alfred Holder in Wien in 1895.

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1896

Both versions appear in Eleonore Heerwart's 'Course in Paperfolding' was first published in Dutch in 1895 then in English by Charles and Dible in London and Glasgow in 1896.

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The Double Boat / Double Hulled Boat also appears:

1897

In Lois Bates' 'Kindergarten Guide', which was first published by Longmans, Green and Co in London in 1897.

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1899

In 'Le Livre des Amusettes' by Toto, which was published in Paris by Charles Mendel in 1899.

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1900

In 'Die Frobelschen Beschaftigungen: Das Falten' by Marie Muller-Wunderlich, which was published by Friedrich Brandstetter in Leipzig in 1900.

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1903

In 'La Ensenanza del Trabajo Manuel' by Pedro de Alcántara García and Teodosio Leal y Quiroga, which was published in Madrid in 1903.

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In the 6th June 1903 issue of the French children's magazine 'Mon Journal' under the title of 'Le double bateau'.

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1904

In 'Guia Practica del Trabajo Manual Educativo' by Ezequiel Solana, which was published by Editorial Magisterio Español in Madrid in 1904.

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1907

A design called 'barcas del bou' and 'lanchas del bou' is mentioned, but not illustrated, in an article titled 'El trabajo manual escolar' by Vicente Casto Legua in the January 1907 issue of the Spanish magazine 'La Escuela Moderna' which was published in Madrid by Los Sucesores de Hernando. This design is almost certainly the Double Boat.

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1920

The Double Hulled Boat appears in 'Paper Magic' by Will Blyth, which was first published by C Arthur Pearson in London in 1920.

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1928

The Double Hulled Boat appears in 'Fun with Paperfolding' by William D Murray and Francis J Rigney, which was published by the Fleming H Revell Company, New York in 1928.

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1939

The Double Boat appears in 'El Mundo de Papel' by Dr Nemesio Montero, which was published by G Miranda in Edicions Infancia in Valladolid in 1939.

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1940

The Double Boat appears as 'Bote Doble' in 'El Plegado y Cartonaje en la Escuela Primaria' by Antonio M Luchia and Corina Luciani de Luchia, which was published by Editorial Kapelusz in Buenos Aires in 1940.

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1956

Both versions appear in 'Paper Magic' by Robert Harbin, which was published by Oldbourne in London in 1956, the Double Boat as a separate design and the Double Hulled Boat as part of the 'Multiform' sequence. Both are called the Catamaran

The Double Boat

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The Double Hulled Boat

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