The Public Paperfolding History Project

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Last updated 29/4/2024


The Duck
This page is being used to collect information about the history of the paperfolding design known as the Duck. Please contact me if you know any of this information is incorrect or if you have any other information that should be added. Thank you.



As far as I know this design first appears, as 'Ente', in 'Die Praxis Des Kindergartens' by Auguste Koehler, which was published by Herman Bohlau in Weimar in 1873.



The Duck also appears in part two of 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was probably first published in 1882 by E. Steiger and Company in New York. It is made by folding the front feet of the Pajarita away inside the design.



'Practical Suggestions for Kindergartners, Primary Teachers and Mothers' by Jeannette R Gregory, which was published by C B Woodward and Co in St Louis in 1893, contains an illustration of the Duck.



The Duck appears as 'Le canard' in 'Jeux et Occupations Pour les Petits: Guide des Mères et des Institutrices' by Henriette Suzanne Brés was published by Librairie Classique Fernand Nathan in Paris in 1894.



The Duck is pictured, but not named, in Eleonore Heerwart's 'Course in Paperfolding', which was first published in Dutch in 1895 then in English by Charles and Dible in London and Glasgow in 1896.


The Duck also appears:


In Lois Bates' 'Kindergarten Guide', which was first published by Longmans, Green and Co in London in 1897.



As 'Canard Pliee' in 'Mes Jolie Jeux' by Henriette Suzanne Bres, which was published by Librairie Hachette in Paris in 1900.



As ' Ente' in Part 2 'Das Flechten' of 'Die Frobelschen Beschaftigungen' by Marie Muller-Wunderlich, which was published by Friedrich Brandstetter in Leipzig in 1910.



The Duck appears as 'Ente' in 'Faltarbeiten aus Papier 2' (Paperfolding Work) by Georg Netzband, which was published by W Kohlhammer Verlag in Stuttgart and Berlin in 1936. The folding method is explained in the handbook and also in the accompanying educational film F58.



The basic version of the design, called 'Patito' (Duckling), and a variant, called 'Caballito' (Rocking Horse), both appear in 'El Plegado y Cartonaje en la Escuela Primaria' by Antonio M Luchia and Corina Luciani de Luchia, which was published by Editorial Kapelusz in Buenos Aires in 1940.






As 'Ente und Schwimmende Ente' in 'Wir Falten' by Joachim Schönherr and Gerta Schumann, which was published by Rudolf Arnold Verlag in Leipzig in 1961.



The Duck also appears in the second edition of 'Het Grote Vouwboek' by Aart van Breda, which was published by Uitgeverij van Breda in 1963.