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Last updated 7/4/2023


Multiple-Image Pleated Paper Pictures / Falzbilder / Tabulae Striatae
This page attempts to record what is known about the origin and history of Multiple-Image Pleated Paper Pictures which show either two or three different pictures when viewed from different angles.. Please contact me if you know any of this information is incorrect or if you have any other information that should be added. Thank you.



'Deliciae physico mathematicae oder mathematische und philosophische Erquickstunden' by Daniel Schwenter, which was published in Nürnberg in 1636 contained a section on tabulae striatae made from wooden slats, which seems to be a forerunner of the pleated paper version.

Information taken from Recreations with Paper by Edwin Corrie at



Volume 3 of 'Deliciae physico mathematicae' written by Georg Phillip Harsdorffer, and published in 1653 contained a sevction showing how to make a multiple image picture from triangular wooden slats in a similar way.



The earliest reference to the pleated paper version that I know of is found in 'Humane Industry' by Thomas Powell which was published in London in 1661.



There are also references to Tabulae Stratae in 'Onomatologia curiosa artificiosa et magica oder ganz natürliches Zauber-lexicon', which was published in 1759.

Columns 182/3

Columns 592/3



'The Boy's Own Book' by William Clarke, which was published by Vizetelly, Branston and Company in London in 1828, contains a section headed 'Another Anamorphosis' which is a description of how to make a double-image pleated picture.



'Mechanemata oder der Tausendkünstler' by Dr Heinrich Rockstroh was published in 1831 contains two sections related to Multiple Image Pleated Pictures.



Volume 1 of 'Manuel des Jeunes Gens', which was published in Paris by Librairie Encyclopedique de Roret in Paris in 1931 contains mention of Multiple-Image Pleated Paper Pictures under the heading 'Autre Anamorphose':



In 'Spiel und Sport' by Dr Jan Daniel Georgens was published by Verlag und Drud von Otto Spamer in Leipzig and Berlin in 1882.



Instructions for making a pleated paper picture appear in an article in 'La Nature' 578 of June 28th, 1884, headed 'Les Recreations Scientifique' and sub-headed ' Le Tableau a Trois Faces', written by A Bergeret. This material also appeared in the 1888 5th Edition of 'Les Recreations Scientifiques'


The same material also appears:


Under the title 'Magic Picture with Three Faces', in 'Scientific Amusements' by Henry Frith, which was first published by Ward, Locke and Co Ltd in London, New York and Melbourne in 1890.



As 'El cuadro magico de tres caras' in 'Repertorio Completo de Todos los Juegos' by de Luis Marco y Eugenio de Ochoa y Ronna, which was published in Madrid by Bailly-Bailliere e hijos in 1896.