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The website of writer and paperfolding designer David Mitchell

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The Jacket / The Trousers / The Suit of Clothes / The Doll / The Dog
 
This page attempts to record what is known about the history of the Jacket and the Trousers, both of which are developed from the Froebelian triple blintz form and which, together, are sometimes known as the Suit of Clothes. Please contact me if you know any of this information is incorrect or if you have any other information that should be added. Thank you.

The Jacket and Trousers (aka the Suit of Clothes)

In Japan

1884

A drawing of the Trousers and a crease pattern appeared in 'Kindergarten Shoho' (Preliminary Kindergarten) by Iijima Hanjuro, which was copyrighted on October 4th Meiji 17 (1884) and published by Fukuda Senzo in August of Meiji 18 (1885).

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In Western Europe / USA

1859

The Jacket (La veste du mineur) and the Trousers (Le pantalon) both appear in a list of designs in the 'Manuel Pratique de Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel', which was compiled by J F Jacobs and published in Brussells and Paris in 1859.

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1863

The earliest known illustrations of the Jacket, as 'Het visschersbuis' (the fisherman's top), and the Trousers, as 'De visschersbroek' (the fisherman's pants), are found in 'De Kleine Papierwerkers 1: Wat men van een stukje papier al maken kan: Het vouwen' (The Small Paperwork 1: What one can make from a piece of paper: Folding) by Elise Van Calcar, which was published by K H Schadd in Amsterdam in 1863.

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1869

A design called 'Die Beinkleider' (the trousers), which is not illustrated, but which from the context is most probably the Trousers, appears in a list of designs in 'Der Kindergarten' by Hermann Goldammer, which was published by Habel in Berlin in 1869.

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'Paradise of Childhood' by Edward Wiebe, which was published by Milton, Bradley and Company in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1869, and is effectively a translation of Goldammer's 'Der Kindergarten', similarly includes 'pantaloons' in its list of Forms of Life.

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1873

Both designs in 'Die Praxis Des Kindergartens' by Auguste Koehler, which was published by Herman Bohlau in Weimar in 1873, as 'Kinderjade' and 'Kinderhose'.

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1874

Both the Jacket and the Trousers are pictured in the revised version of 'Der Kindergarten' by Hermann Goldammer which was published by Carl Babel in Berlin in 1874.

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1876

The Jacket and Trousers also appear in 'Des Kindes Erste Beschaftigungsbuch' by E Barth and W Niederley, which was first published in Bielefeld and Leipzig, and the foreword of which is dated October 1876.

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1877

Both designs also appears, as 'The Jacket with Sleeves and the Children's Trousers', in 'Kindergarten Practice' by Mary Gurney, which is a substantially abridged version, in two parts, of 'Die Praxis Des Kindergartens' by Auguste Koehler. The second part, 'Froebel's Plane Surfaces', contains sections dealing with paper folding, cutting and weaving. The date of the first edition is not known. The second edition was published in 1877 in London by A N Myers and Co.

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1880

The Jacket (without the Trousers) appears in 'The Kindergarten Principle' by Mary J Lyschinska was published in London in 1880 by Wm Isbister Ltd.

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1882

Both designs appear in part two of 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was probably first published by E. Steiger and Company in New York in 1882, as 'The Vest' or 'The Jacket' and 'The Pair of Pants'.

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1887

Both designs appear, as ' Knabenjade' (boy's jacket) and 'Knabenhose' (boy's pants) in part 2 'Die Praxis' of 'Theoretisches und praktisches Handbuch der Fröbelschen Erziehungslehre' by Bertha von Marentholtz-Bülow, which was published by George H Wigand in Kassel in 1887.

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1891

The same designs that appeared in 'Des Kindes Erste Beschaftigungsbuch' also appear in 'Pleasant Work for Busy Fingers' by Maggie Browne, which was published by Cassell and Company in London in 1891, which is an English adaptation and extension of the earlier work.

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1895

Both the Jacket and the Trousers appear in 'Der Kindergarten' by A S Fischer, which was published by Alfred Holder in Wien in 1895, as 'Eine Jade' and 'Eine Hose' respectively

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1896

Both the Jacket and the Trousers are pictured, but not named in Eleonore Heerwart's 'Course in Paperfolding', which was first published in Dutch in 1895 then in English by Charles and Dible in London and Glasgow in 1896.

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Both designs also appear in:

1900

'Die Frobelschen Beschaftigungen: Das Falten' by Marie Muller-Wunderlich, which was published by Friedrich Brandstetter in Leipzig in 1900.

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1924

'Joujoux En Papier' by Tom Tit, which was published in Paris by Paul Lechevalier in 1924, as 'Des Bonhommes'.

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1928

'Fun with Paperfolding' by William D Murray and Francis J Rigney, which was published by the Fleming H Revell Company, New York in 1928.

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1936

'Paper Toy Making' by Margaret Campbell, which was first published by Sir Isaac Pitman and Sons Ltd in London, probably in 1937, although both the Foreword and Preface are dated 1936, which argues that the book was complete at that date.

The same book also contains 'The Rider', a development of the Jacket.

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1956

The 'Suit of Clothes' appears in 'Paper Magic' by Robert Harbin, which was published by Oldbourne in London in 1956

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The Doll

1876

As far as I know a version of the Doll first appears in 'Des Kindes Erste Beschaftigungsbuch' by E Barth and W Niederley, which was published in Bielefeld and Leipzig, and the foreword of which is dated October 1876. It is made by combining the Mitre with the Jacket and Trousers to create a human figure.

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1882

Another version of the Doll appears in part two of 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was probably first published by E. Steiger and Company in New York in 1882.

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1887

In the introduction to an article on folding 'Nantucket Sinks' (Sanbos on Legs) in the August 1887 issue of the American children's magazine St Nicholas the writer says 'I have seen people with their skillful fingers make a wonderful outfit, raised to dignity by the great name of Napoleon.' This may possibly be a reference to the Doll.

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1951

A version of the design wearing a Paper Boat Hat appears in the 1951 Rupert Annual under the title 'How To Make A Paper Man'.

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1956

A version of the Doll appears as 'The Japanese Warrior' in 'Paper Magic' by Robert Harbin, which was published by Oldbourne in London in 1956. The warrior is wearing a Kabuto. The face of the Warrior is a simple paper tube.

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The Dog

The Dog is a modular design made from three pieces, the Jacket and the Trousers, which together form the front and back legs, and a head developed from a similar configuration of folds.

1928

As far as I know the Dog ( first appears in 'Fun with Paperfolding' by William D Murray and Francis J Rigney, which was published by the Fleming H Revell Company, New York in 1928.

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1949

The same design appears as 'Le Chien' (or with a slight variation to the head as 'Le Reynard') in 'Au Pays des Mains Agiles', which was published by Editions Fleurus in Paris in 1949.

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